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Table 3 Characteristics of European studies included in Maudsley review [6] with the German Health Survey, 1999 [11]. (Adapted from [6])

From: The distribution of the common mental disorders: social inequalities in Europe

  European Surveys Year Type of study Population sampled Size of sample (achieved) Response rate Mental health instrument
1 Annual Health Surveys for England 1993, repeated annually population survey All adults in England, children from 1995 16,569 (1993) 76% for full interview, 66% for nurse tests (1993) GHQ-12, cut-off 4+
2 National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey of Great Britain (household sample) 1993 population survey All adults in England, Wales and Scotland (excluding Highland and Islands) 10,108 80% Clinical Interview Schedule (CIS revised)
3a Health and Life-style Survey 1984–85 population survey Adults 18+, England, Wales, Scotland 9,003 73% for interview, 54% for self-completed questionnaire GHQ-30 (+ a malaise measure)
3b Health and Life-style Survey – follow-up 1991–92 follow-up of 84/85 respondents Adults 18+, England, Wales, Scotland 5,352 59% of those interviewed in 1984/5 were re-interviewed GHQ-30 (+ a malaise measure)
4 British Household Panel Survey 1991–92 population survey, with follow-up after one year Adults aged 16+, households in Great Britain, south of Caledonian Canal 10,264 74% of 7,488 households GHQ-12, cut-off 3+
5 Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (NEMESIS) 1996 population survey with follow-up at one and three years Adults 18–64 resident in The Netherlands 7,147 64% Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI); GHQ-12
6 National German Health Survey (GHS) 1999 population survey Adults 18–65 resident in Germany 4181 ? Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI – Munich version)