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Table 5 'Positive' associations with less privileged social status and the common mental disorders in European surveys (adapted from [6])

From: The distribution of the common mental disorders: social inequalities in Europe

  European Surveys Education Employment status Income and material standard of living Occupational social status
1 HSE 1993+ - - positive association for income progressive for both men and women 1998 No clear distribution for either men or women
2 UK Psych Survey 1993 Positive for no qualifications or least years of education for both men and women Positive for unemployed in both men and women Positive for income, housing type/tenure, and car ownership Positive for women (SC I+II compared to SC IV+V); positive for men (SC I compared to all other classes)
3a HLS 1984/85 - Positive for unemployment in men in both age groups - No clear social class distribution
3b HLS 1991/92 - No clear relationship - No clear social class distribution
4 BHPS 1991/92 - Unemployment associated with maintenance, not onset in 1-year follow-up; symptoms reduced on gaining employment (men and women combined) Positive for low income, 'poverty index', and index of material standard of living (men and women combined) Positive association for both men and women
5 NEMESIS 1996 Positive for least education (men and women combined) Positive for unemployment (men and women combined) Positive for income (men and women combined) -
6 GHS 1999 Just positive for lowest qualifications (men and women combined) Positive for unemployment (men and women combined) - Positive for SC index combining education, income & job status (men and women combined)
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