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Table 6 Expanded number of studies reporting associations with higher rates of the common mental disorders, by indicators of less privileged social position.

From: The distribution of the common mental disorders: social inequalities in Europe

   Less education Unemployment Lower income or material circumstances Low social status
Number of studies reporting associations Total reporting 9 9 7 8***
Positive Men & women separately 5** 5* 3 4
association Men & women combined (separate data not given) 2 3 4 1
  Total positive 7** 8* 7 5
No clear association   2 1 0 3
Inverse association   0 0 0 0
  1. Note: *one study positive only for men; women equivocal; **one study positive only for women; equivocal for men; *** the German 'social class' incorporated education and income as well as occupation.
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