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Table 1 Group with long-stay hospitalization (LSH) vs. total group

From: Hannover study on long-stay hospitalization – part I: prediction of long-stay hospitalisation in cases of chronic mental illness

  group with LSH total group
  22% (N = 68) 100% (N = 313)
Sex ratio *   
   - female 47% 62%
   - male 53% 38%
Residence at first therapeutical contact **   
   - in catchment area 68% 83%
   - outside catchment area 32% 17%
First diagnosis at first therapeutical contact   
   - ICD-10: F4 6% 16%
   - ICD-10: F6 12% 16%
   - ICD-10: F2, F30.1, F30.2, F31, F32.2, F32.3, F33.2, F33.3 82% 68%
Period between onset of disease and first therapeutical contactn.s.   
   - average 5 years 6 years
   - < 1 year 25% 31%
   - 1 until < 5 years 32% 26%
   - 5 until < 10 years 13% 17%
   - >10 years 30% 26%
PSR at first therapeutical contact ** 2.6 2.3
   - average 6% 16%
   - low psychosocial risk 31% 43%
   - moderate psychosocial risk 57% 38%
   - significant psychosocial risk 6% 3%
   - high psychosocial risk   
age of onset of disease **   
   - average 27 years 30 years
   - < 25 years 56% 38%
   - 25 – 44 years 7% 51%
   - 45 – 59 years 37% 11%
Employment situation at first therapeutical contact **   
   - full-time job 28% 47%
   - part-time employment 0% 4%
   - in therapeutical institution 7% 4%
   - unemployed 65% 46%
Primary income at first contact **   
   - own income 10% 34%
   - insurance payments 30% 26%
   - relatives 35% 27%
   - on social security 25% 13%
Living situation at first therapeutical contactn.s. 52% 56%
   - self-supporting, not alone 52% 56%
   - self-supporting, alone 29% 37%
   - in therapeutical institution 16% 5%
   - homeless 3% 2%
  1. * p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01 n.s. not significant (p > 0.05)