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Table 1 Total group vs. group with long-stay hospitalization (LSH)

From: Hannover study on long-stay hospitalization – part II: Characteristics and care conditions of long-stay hospitalization in cases of chronic mental illness

  Total group Group with LSH
First diagnosis at first therapeutical contact   
   - ICD-10: F4 16% 6%
   - ICD-10: F6 16% 12%
   - ICD-10: F2, F30.1, F30.2, F31, F32.2, F32.3, F33.2, F33.3 68% 82%
Sex ratio *   
   - female 62% 47%
   - male 38% 53%
Age of onset of disease **   
   - average 30 years 27 years
   - < 25 years 38% 56%
   - 25 – 44 years 51% 7%
   - 45 – 59 years 11% 37%
Period between onset of disease and first therapeutical contactn.s.   
   - average 6 years 5 years
   - < 1 year 31% 25%
   - 1 until < 5 years 26% 32%
   - 5 until < 10 years 17% 13%
   - >10 Jahre 26% 30%
Residence at first therapeutical contact **   
   - in catchment area 83% 68%
   - outside catchment area 17% 32%
Situation of living at first therapeutical contactn.s.   
   - self-supporting, not alone 56% 52%
   - self-supporting, alone 37% 29%
   - in therapeutical institution 5% 16%
   - homeless 2% 3%
Situation of employment at first therapeutical contact **   
   - full-time job 47% 28%
   - part-time employment 4% 0%
   - in therapeutical institution 4% 7%
   - unemployed 46% 65%
Primary income at first contact **   
   - own income 34% 10%
   - insurance payments 26% 30%
   - relatives 27% 35%
   - on social security 13% 25%
PSR at first therapeutical contact **   
   - average 2,3 2,6
   - low psychosocial risk 16% 6%
   - moderate psychosocial risk 43% 31%
   - significant psychosocial risk 38% 57%
   - high psychosocial risk 3% 6%
  1. * p < 0,05 ** p < 0,01 n.s. not significant (p > 0,05)