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Table 5 Results from prospective studies on depression and subsequent colon cancer occurrence

From: A meta-analysis on depression and subsequent cancer risk

First author (ref) Number of subjects with depression Number of subjects without depression Crude RR (95% CI) Multivariable adjusted RR (95% CI) reported in paper Adjustment factors for multivariable RR
  Cancer No cancer Cancer No cancer    
Kaplan (8) N.a. N.a. N.a. N.a. - 0.34 (males) 1.08 (females) Age, sex
Penninx (19) N.a. N.a. N.a. N.a. - 1.37 (0.33–5.74) Age, sex, race, disability, hospital admissions, alcohol, smoking
Gallo (15) 0 N.a. 19 N.a. No cases No cases Age, sex, smoking, alcohol
Schuurman (23) 14 1,327 568 66,457 1.23 (0.73–2.09) 0.93 (0.55–1.58) Age, sex, socio-economic status