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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical variables in the subjects with PTSD, GAD, and no psychiatric diagnosis

From: Post-traumatic stress disorder among people exposed to the Ventotene street disaster in Rome

  PTSD GAD No psychiatric diagnosis Χ2 df p
Gender (men/women) 11/21 2/4 27/22 3.763 2 0.152
Civil status (single/married/separated or widow-wer) 8/18/6 2/4/0 16/30/3 4.187 4 0.381
Education level (low/medium/high) 8/14/10 1/1/4 9/16/24 3.954 4 0.412
Parenthood 20/12 3/3 27/19 0.358 2 0.837
Presence at the moment of the explosion (y/n) 21/11 3/3 24/25 2.238 2 0.327
Sight of dead or injured people 16/15 4/2 8/41 14.184 2 0.000*
dead relatives (y/n) 1/31 0/6 5/44 1.988 2 0.370
personal injures (y/n) 4/28 0/6 3/46 1.628 2 0.443
disruptive consequences on work (y/n) 19/13 3/3 15/34 6.699 2 0.035*
psychiatric disorders in relatives (y/n) 5/27 0/6 4/45 1.906 2 0.386
substance abuse disorders in relatives (y/n) 4/28 0/6 2/47 2.614 2 0.271
Suicidal behavior in relatives (y/n) 5/27 0/6 0/49 9.118 2 0.010*
previous severe trauma (y/n) 4/28 0/6 2/47 2.614 2 0.271
mournings in childhood (y/n) 12/20 1/5 9/40 4.004 2 0.135
separation in childhood (y/n) 5/27 0/6 2/47 4.050 2 0.132
previous psychiatric disorder (y/n) 6/26 0/6 5/43 2.141 2 0.343
Current psychopharmacological treatment (y/n) 15/17 3/3 7/42 8.810 2 0.003*
Current psychotherapy (y/n) (y/n) 6/26 0/6 3/45 3.956 2 0.138
  1. PTSD = Post-traumatic stress disorder; GAD = Generalized anxiety disorder
  2. * = statistically significant