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Table 2 Scores (mean+SD) of the neuropsychological tests of PG patients (PG) and healthy control subjects (HS).

From: Executive function abnormalities in pathological gamblers

   PG HS
WCST perseverant errors x = 48 ± 3.2
T = 25 ± 4
x = 18 ± 2.1
T = 45 ± 9*
  failure to maintain 1.00 ± 0.55 0.87 ± 0.9**
  learning to learn -8.66 ± 4 -2.41 ± 5.26*
  number of categories 3.7 ± 1.1 4.4 ± 2.2
WMR-S   97 ± 11 95 ± 10
FAS   27 ± 3 28 ± 6
  1. * significant: p < 0.001.
  2. ** significant: p < 0.005.
  3. WCST = Wisconsin Card Sorting test.
  4. WMR-S = the Wechsler Memory Scale revised.
  5. FAS test = Verbal Associative Fluency Test.