Skip to main content

Table 2 Scores in Self-efficacy (GSE), Quality of Life Scale (QOLS-N) and Coping Strategies Scale before the intervention, at the end of the intervention, and six months after the end of the intervention for the treatment (N = 41) and control (N = 28) groups (mean ± SD).1

From: Animal-assisted therapy with farm animals for persons with psychiatric disorders: effects on self-efficacy, coping ability and quality of life, a randomized controlled trial

Variables Score before (SB) Score after (SA) D.F F (SA-SB) P Score six months after end of intervention (SSMA) D.F F (SSMA-SB) P D.F. F (SSMA-SA) P
Self-efficacy (GSE)             
Treatment group 23.1 ± 5.12 23.5 ± 6.56 1,60 0.02 n.s. 25.7 ± 5.93 1,55 4.20 0.05 1,55 5.6 0.02
Control group 25.6 ± 6.40 25.3 ± 6.62     25.4 ± 5.92       
Quality of Life Scale (QOLS-N)             
Treatment group 64.3 ± 14.93 64.3 ± 17.09 1,60 0.49 n.s. 66.7 ± 16.86 1,57 0.38 n.s 1,57 0.38 n.s
Control group 63.2 ± 14.06 64.4 ± 13.52     66.0 ± 15.25       
Coping Strategies Scale             
Treatment group 31.6 ± 8.51 32.8 ± 8.67 1,60 0.01 n.s. 34.3 ± 8.10 1,57 0.79 n.s. 1,57 0.39 n.s
Control group 32.2 ± 7.38 31.4 ± 8.69     31.6 ± 8.02       
  1. 1 Analysis of variance (ANOVA) is used to test the differences in means between registration times and groups.