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Table 2 Sociodemographic characteristics and association with 12-month depressive episode and lifetime prevalence of any form of intimate partner violence of currently married women in Butajira, rural Ethiopia (n = 1994)

From: Intimate partner violence and depression among women in rural Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Sample Depressed
No. (%)
P-value Intimate partner Violence
No. (%)
P-value
Age group (years)      
   15 – 24 370 15 (4.1) 0.570 241 (65.1) 0.001
   25 – 34 875 40 (4.6)   676 (77.3)  
   35 – 44 667 35 (5.2)   460 (69.0)  
   45 – 49 82 6 (7.3)   58 (70.8)  
Residency      
   Urban 254 5 (2.0) 0.023 181 (71.3) 0.789
   Rural 1740 91 (5.2)   1254 (486)  
Education      
   No formal education 1699 82 (4.8) 0.980 1226 (72.2) 0.012
   Elementary 248 12 (4.8)   184 (74.2)  
   High school & above 47 2 (4.3)   25 (53.2)  
Religion      
   Christian 544 21 (3.9) 0.220 380 (69.9) 0.198
   Muslim 1450 75 (5.2)   1055 (72.8)  
Type of marriage      
   Polygamous 624 29 (4.6) 0.814 466 (74.7) 0.069
   Monogamous 1370 67 (4.9)   969 (70.7)  
Khat chewing      
   Never 741 28 (3.8) 0.017 478 (64.5) 0.001
   Less than once/month 302 9 (3.0)   237 (78.5)  
   At least once/week 951 59 (6.2)   720 (75.7)  
Occupation (n = 1993)      
   No job 1275 53 (4.2) 0.040 907 (71.1) 0.04
   Selling/trading 611 34 (5.6)   449 (73.5)  
   Seasonal work 71 7 (9.9)   53 (74.6)  
   Other 36 2 (5.6)   25 (69.4)  
Poverty status      
   Very poor 291 18 (6.2) 0.080 210 (72.2) 0.317
   Moderate 1245 62 (5.0)   908 (72.9)  
   Relatively better off 458 16 (3.5)   317 (69.2)