Skip to main content

Table 4 Comparison of experience of different forms intimate partner violence with experience of depressive episode in the last 12 months among currently married women in rural Ethiopia, Butajira, 2008 (n = 1994)

From: Intimate partner violence and depression among women in rural Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Sample Prevalence
No (%)
Crude
OR (95% CI)
Adjusteda
OR (95% CI)
Physical violence     
   Never 1006 27 (2.7) 1.00 1.00
   Ever 988 69 (7.0) 2.72 (1.73, 4.29) 2.56 (1.61, 4.06)
Injury during physical violence     
   Never violence 1006 27 (2.7) 1.00 1.00
   Not Injured 803 50 (6.2) 2.41 (1.49, 3.89) 2.30 (1.41, 3.75)
   Injured 185 19 (10.3) 4.15 (2.26, 7.63) 3.59 (1.92, 6.71)
Severity of physical violence     
   Never violence 1006 27 (2.7) 1.00 1.00
   Moderate 270 17 (6.3) 2.75 (1.50, 5.02) 2.71 (1.47, 4.97)
   Severe 718 52 (7.2) 3.13 (1.96, 5.00) 3.09 (1.93, 4.97)
Physical violence. (during last pregnancy)     
   Never violence 1006 27 (2.7) .00 1.00
   Not during pregnancy 844 53 (6.3) 2.43 (1.52, 3.90) 2.28 (1.41, 3.70)
   Yes, during pregnancy 144 16 (11.1) 4.53 (2.38, 8.64) 4.24 (2.19, 8.21)
Physical violence by onset     
   Never 1006 27 (2.7) 1.00 1.00
   Current (last 12 months) 635 37 (5.8) 2.70 (1.65, 4.40) 2.77 (1.69, 4.55)
   More than 12 months previously 353 32 (9.1) 3.62 (2.13, 6.12) 3.41 (1.99, 5.82)
Presence of sexual violence     
   Never 808 36 (4.5) 1.00 1.00
   Ever 1186 60 (5.1) 1.14 (0.75, 1.75) 1.14 (0.74, 1.75)
Childhood sexual abuse (n = 1943)     
   No 1777 78 (4.4) 1.00 1.00
   Yes 166 16 (9.6) 2.32 (1.32, 4.08) 2.00 (1.13, 3.56)
Emotional violence     
   Never 1441 42 (2.9) 1.00 1.00
   Mild (single form) 376 34 (9.0) 3.32 (2.08, 5.30) 3.19 (1.98, 5.14)
   Severe (two/more forms) 177 20 (11.3) 4.24 (2.43, 7.41) 3.90 (2.20, 6.93)
Any form of intim. part. violence     
   Never 559 17 (3.0) 1.00 1.00
   Present 1435 79 (5.5) 1.86 (1.10, 3.17) 1.82 (1.06, 3.13)
Spousal control of respondent     
   Not controlled 889 32 (3.6) 1.00 1.00
   Moderate 1006 53 (5.3) 1.49 (0.95, 2.33) 1.52 (0.96, 2.40)
   Totally controlled 99 11 (11.1) 3.34 (1.63, 6.87) 3.30 (1.58, 6.90)
  1. Adjusteda : adjusted for age, residency, occupation, poverty status and khat chewing