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Table 1 Association between sociodemographic and clinical variables and the likelihood of taking benzodiazepines

From: Pattern of benzodiazepine use in psychiatric outpatients in Pakistan: a cross-sectional survey

Variable Number (%) Taking BDZ P-value
Gender (n = 417) 0.058
   Male 242 (57.9) 99 (40.9)  
   Female 176 (42.1) 89 (50.6)  
Marital status(n = 419) 0.424
   Married 249 (59.4) 116 (46.6)  
   Unmarried 170 (40.6) 72 (42.4)  
Education (n = 419) 0.2
   None 113 (27) 53 (46.9)  
   Primary 65 (15.5) 34 (52.3)  
   Secondary 81 (19.3) 37 (45.7)  
   Intermediate 47 (11.2) 16 (34)  
   Graduate 82 (19.6) 39 (47.6)  
   Postgraduate 31 (7.4) 9 (29)  
Occupation (n = 418) 0.03*
   Student 46 (11) 14 (30.4)  
   Professional 31 (7.4) 10 (32.3)  
   Housewife 118 (28.2) 66 (55.9)  
   Retired 9 (2.2) 5 (55.6)  
   Skilled labour 65 (15.6) 26 (40)  
   Businessman 30 (7.2) 9 (30)  
   Landlord 10 (2.4) 5 (50)  
   Unemployed 108 (25.8) 53 (49.1)  
   Unskilled labour 1 (0.2) 0 (0)  
City (n = 419) 0.004*
   Karachi 225 (53.7) 86 (38.2)  
   Lahore 194 (46.3) 102 (52.6)  
Ever seen psychiatrist (n = 419) 0.009*
   Yes 284 (67.8) 140 (49.3)  
   No 135 (32.2) 48 (35.6)  
ICD-10 Diagnosis (n = 390) 0.053
   F00-09 7 (1.8) 5 (71.4)  
   F10-19 19 (4.9) 14 (73.7)  
   F20-29 92 (23.6) 36 (39.1)  
   F30-39 193 (49.5) 90 (46.6)  
   F40-48 44 (11.3) 17 (38.6)  
   F50-59 2 (0.5) 0 (0)  
   F60-69 2 (0.5) 0 (0)  
   F70-79 2 (0.5) 0 (0)  
   F80-89 1 (0.3) 1 (100)  
   F90-98 1 (0.3) 0 (0)  
   No psych illness 27 (6.9) 10 (37)  
  1. * Statistically significant at the level of P < 0.05
  2. n is different for different variables as not all the participants had answered all the questions